Intermediate (متوسط)شنیداری

پادکست BBC – امید به زندگی و آینده‌ای روشن

در این قسمت درباره امید به زندگی و آینده‌ای روشن صحبت میکنه. شما خودتان فکر می‌کنید که چقدر امید به زندگی و تلاش و کوشش برای ارتقا و موفقیت خود دارید؟ زندگی با امید و تلاش و یادگیری زیبا و دلچسب است درحالیکه ناامیدی و فقط مقصر خواندن دیگران انسان را فقط به تباهی نزدیک‌تر می‌کند.

در زیر کلمات کلیدی که باید با آن‌ها آشنا شوید برایتان توضیح داده شده‌اند:

dead on your feet : extremely tired

dead on your feet : خیلی خسته

motto : a short phrase which reflects the beliefs of an organisation or person

motto : یک عبارت کوتاه که بیانگر باورهای یک نهاد یا شخص است

life expectancy : how many years a person is likely to live

life expectancy : امید به زندگی

equitable : fair or impartial

equitable : منصفانه، بی طرف

obesity : a state of being very overweight

obesity : چاقی

binge : consume a large amount of something in a short space of time, especially something that you don’t usually have

binge : خوش گذرانی

 

Dan
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English – the show that brings you an interesting topic, authentic listening practice and vocabulary to help you improve your language skills. I’m Dan…

Catherine
And I’m Catherine. In this programme we’ll be discussing life expectancy, as well as teaching you 6 new items of vocabulary, of course…

Dan
ZZZZzzzzzzz…

Catherine
Dan? Dan! We’re doing a show, Dan. Wake up!

Dan
Sorry. Sorry, Catherine. Sorry, everybody. I was at a party last night and I didn’t get much sleep.

Catherine
Another party, Dan?

Dan
Yeah.

Catherine
That’s the third this week! You look dead on your feet, which is an expression meaning ‘extremely tired.

Dan
Ah well. Live fast, die young. That’s my motto.

Catherine
A motto is a short phrase which reflects the beliefs of an organisation or person. And it’s interesting that you mention dying young, Dan, because our topic this show is life expectancy.

Dan
Life expectancy is how many years a person is likely to live. I suppose you have a question about it too?

Catherine
Funny you should say that, Dan. By the year 2030, will the USA’s life expectancy be a) in the top third b) the middle third or c) the bottom third compared to the rest of the world?

Dan
The USA is quite a rich country, so I’m going to say a) the top one third.

Catherine
And we’ll find out later in the show if you’re right or not. Now, Dan, life expectancy, so which country do you think has the current highest life expectancy?

Dan
Everybody knows that’s Japan, come on!

Catherine
Aha, yes, but new analysis by the World Health Organization and Imperial College London predicts that it won’t always be so. Now, they analysed 35 industrialised countries and found that by the year 2030 South Korea will be the leaders – with an average life expectancy of a whopping 90 years!

Dan
Wow. How did they do that?

Catherine
Well, let’s find out by listening to Professor Majid Ezzati, Chair in Global Environmental Health at Imperial College London.

INSERT
Professor Majid Ezzati, Chair in Global Environmental Health at Imperial College London
It seems to be actually dealing with diet better than other places, being very good at taking up new medical knowledge technology and using it and, perhaps most importantly, doing this in a relatively equitable way compared to western countries.

Dan
So, basically, good diet, using new medical technology and knowledge, and being more equitable – or fair and impartial – in society. So how did the UK do?

Catherine
Well, not too well actually. We were thoroughly beaten by our closest neighbour, France.

Dan
What!? How comes!?

Catherine
I’ll let Professor Majid Ezzati explain that too.

INSERT
Professor Majid Ezzati, Chair in Global Environmental Health at Imperial College London
So France has had some of the lowest obesity rates among western countries, French women especially. UK has had some of the highest ones. And alcohol in France, at least until now, has been consumed… it’s much more healthy patterns, and in the UK there has been a lot more binge drinking.

Catherine
So, France has low obesity, which is a state of being very overweight, compared to the UK’s high obesity.

Dan
And France drinks alcohol much more moderately than the UK, which tends to binge.

Catherine
Binging is when you consume a large amount of something in a short time – especially food or alcohol. So, confession time, Dan! How many drinks did you have last night?

Dan
It was only orange juice, I swear! So, come on. Did I get the question right? You asked me by the year 2030, will the USA’s life expectancy be a) in the top one-third b) the middle one-third or c) the bottom third compared to the rest of the world? And I said the USA’s quite a rich country, so it’s probably a) in the top one-third.

Catherine
Sorry Dan. Nice logic, but actually the USA is one of the least equitable places in the world. So their life expectancy suffers, and the answer was actually c) the bottom third.

Dan
Oh, well. Next week, maybe. Now, let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this programme. First we had dead on your feet. This is an informal expression which means ‘extremely tired’. Another way to say the same thing would be ‘shattered’. When was a time when you were dead on your feet, Catherine?

Catherine
I built some garden furniture quite recently, and it took me all day, and I was dead on my feet when I finished. Now, we had motto. Now, a motto is a short phrase which reflects the beliefs of an organisation or person. So, Dan, what’s your personal motto?

Dan
‘Take the path of least resistance’. What about you?

Catherine
‘Less is more’.

Dan
Ah! Good one. Then we had life expectancy. Life expectancy is how many years a person is likely to live. What do you think’s a good life expectancy for a person?

Catherine
I’m hoping to get to about 85 and then I’d like a, sort of, quick exit because I think it’s probably not much fun after that. Then we had equitable. Equitable means ‘being fair or impartial’ and it comes from the word ‘equal’. So, Dan, personal question. Would you say that your marriage is equitable?

Dan
I’d like to think so, yes. I do the cooking, my wife does the cleaning, and we share the other jobs.

Catherine
We’ll have to get Mrs. Dan in to give her opinion.

Dan
After that we heard obesity. Obesity describes a state of being very overweight. It’s a medical term and is often used in connection with health problems. The report said that the UK has an obesity problem, Catherine. How do you think we can solve it?

Catherine
I think we need a sugar tax and everybody should walk to work. Finally we had binge. To binge is to consume a large amount of something in a short space of time, especially something that you don’t usually have. And these days we hear a lot about binge drinking, binge eating and binge watching. So, Dan, when did you last binge watch a series on TV?

Dan
Oh, it’s Game of Thrones, isn’t it? Series one, series two, series three. Back to back.

Catherine
Back to back binging. Brilliant.

Dan
That’s it. Well, that’s the end of today’s 6 Minute English. Please join us again soon!

Catherine
And we are on social media too, so make sure you visit us on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and YouTube.

Both
Bye!

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